Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. The greengages and damsons also belong to subspecies of P. domestica.
Its hybrid parentage was believed to be Prunus spinosa and Prunus cerasifera.; however recent cytogenetic evidence seem to implicate 2x, 4x, 6x P. cerasifera as the sole wild stock from which the cultivated 6x Prunus domestica could have evolved. This is the most commonly grown plum at least in Europe, and most prunes (dried plums) are made from fruits of this species.